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Types of Conditions that Physical Therapy Can Help
Physical Therapy can help acute and chronic neck and back pain resulting from a variety of diagnoses. Types of conditions include, but are not limited to:

Neck and lumbar sprains and strains

Degenerative disk and joint disease of the spine

Bulging or slipped disks


Myofascial pain of the back or neck

Chronic headaches

TMJ dysfunction

Physical Therapy Interventions
Specific Physical Therapy interventions for neck and back pain include therapeutic exercise (Figure A) (on mats, on balls, in the water, etc.), manual techniques (soft tissue massage to help improve stretching or gentle joint mobilization to help improve flexibility), training in proper body mechanics and posture, and patient education regarding ergonomics at work or in the home. (Note: ergonomics is adapting the environment to address a specific body's needs; for example, changing the set up of a work station to help employ better body mechanics with computer use.)
The Treatment of Arthritis
Conservative Treatment For Your Arthritis Chronic Pain
The chronic pain associated with arthritis can very seriously affect your quality of life. If left untreated, it can also lead to physiological problems such as muscle breakdown or weakness as well as psychological difficulties such as anxiety and depression.

Physical Therapy and Exercise
In addition to medications, many people with arthritis can find relief from physical therapy and exercise. Physical therapy is a treatment method that focuses on pain relief, healing, restoring function and movement, improving body mechanics, as well as overall fitness and wellness.
Your doctor will prescribe physical therapy as part of your treatment plan and will refer you to a physical therapist. Physical therapists are rehabilitation professionals trained in the variety of exercises and treatment options that are appropriate for arthritis sufferers. Your therapist will work closely with your doctor and you to develop an exercise regimen specifically for you.
Exercising can help arthritis sufferers in many ways. Exercise reduces joint pain and stiffness and increases flexibility, muscle strength and endurance. It also helps with weight reduction, which is important since extra weight can place too much pressure on joints.
Types of Exercise
Generally there are 3 types of exercises that are appropriate for people with arthritis:
Range-of-motion exercises. These exercises should be done daily to help maintain normal joint movement, relieve stiffness and increase flexibility. Range-of-motion exercises for the spine may include bending forward, back and to each side.
Strengthening exercises. These exercises can also be done every day (unless you have severe pain) to help increase muscle strength. Strong muscles help support and protect joints affected by arthritis. Your therapist will instruct you on proper ways to lift and flex during these exercises.
Endurance or aerobic exercises. These exercises can be done three times a week for 20-30 minutes. They improve cardiovascular fitness, help control weight and improve overall function. Examples include walking and bike riding.
Other Therapies
In addition to therapeutic exercise, your therapist may use other treatments such as:
Heat therapy -warm towels or heat packs are placed on the spine to relieve pain by increasing blood flow and relaxing tissues.

Cold therapy - ice packs or ice massage applied to painful areas of the spine to reduce swelling and pain.

TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) - a type of therapy in which electrodes are applied to the back and a mild electrical current is sent to specific nerves.

Ultrasonic therapy to reduce swelling & Pain.

Electrical Stimulation to activate the muscles & improve strength.

Many people continue their exercise programs even after their prescribed physical therapy is finished. Your therapist will instruct you on the proper ways to do your exercises at home and give you tips on how to continue your treatment on your own
Another area of treatment for arthritis pain involves the use of braces or "assistive devices" to help support your back and/or relieve pain. Spinal bracing can help control back pain by limiting motion and relieving pressure on the vertebrae. Your doctor will let you know if bracing is an option for you. In addition, devices such as canes, splints or walkers may also help you get around easier and with less pain.

Lifestyle Modification
An important part of arthritis treatment is to change those habits in your life that may contribute to your pain. Some lifestyle changes you may need to consider include:

Losing weight
Eating well-balanced and nutritional meals every day
Establishing a regular (daily) exercise program
Reducing or removing stress in your life

There is no cure for arthritis, but as you can see from this article, there are ways to control the pain and allow you to remain active and healthy. Don't let arthritis pain take charge of your life - learn to control it and live each day to the fullest.
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Why ASUTOSH Hospital...?
  • Dedicated & Trained Physiotherapist Department.
  • Home Visit Available.
  • Fully A.C. department with advanced instruments like Ultrasound, Diathermy, Interferential, Wax bath, Traction, long wave, Infrared, CPM Machine.


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